Sinus Cancer (Sino Nasal Cancer) in Tampa and Spring Hill, FL
The symptoms of sinus cancer (sino nasal cancer) often mimic those of a sinus infection, including runny nose, thin discharge, headaches, sinus pressure and congestion. Because of the similarities between the two conditions, you should seek the expertise of an experienced ENT specialist to ensure proper diagnosis. The physicians at Suncoast ENT Surgical Specialists are board-certified in Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, so patients in Tampa, Spring Hill and surrounding areas in Florida feel confident about their treatment for sinus cancer (sino nasal cancer).
What Is Sinus Cancer?
Sinus cancer, also known as sino nasal cancer or nose cancer, occurs when an abnormal malignant growth develops in an individual’s nasal or sinus cavities. The nasal cavity is located just under the upper bridge of the nose. The sinus cavities are located in the lower forehead in the area between the eyes and the upper part of the cheeks. The most common location of sinus cancer is in the maxillary sinus or cheeks.
Symptoms of Sinus Cancer
In healthy individuals, the sinus and nasal cavities contain air. However, when you contract a cold or upper respiratory infection, the cavities fill with pus and mucus due to the body’s antigen response to pathogens. As a result, most people experience unpleasant nose and nasal symptoms.
In the beginning stages, sinus and nasal cancers have symptoms that are similar to those that occur during infections, such as:
- Sinus pressure
- Runny nose
- Swelling in the eyes
- Runny nasal discharge
Differences Between A Sinus Infection And Sinus Cancer
While the symptoms of cancer and infection are similar, one of the main differences is that an infection will improve significantly after a few weeks. However, cancer symptoms do not subside. But even persistent symptoms can signal other nose and sinus related medical conditions.
As the nose or sinus cancer grows, patients may experience some additional symptoms:
- Extreme fatigue
- Lumps in the neck
- Loosening of teeth
- Bulging in one or both eyes
- Pain or pressure in the ears
- Loss of smell
- Swelling or lumps on the face
- Recurrent nosebleeds
- Difficulty opening the mouth
- Unexplained weight loss
- Numbness or tingling in the face
- Soreness or lumps in the nose
- Swelling or lumps in the roof of the mouth
- Changes in vision and blurriness
- Pain or numbness in the upper teeth
- Bloody nasal discharge
- Forehead or cheek pain
Nose and sinus cancer (sino nasal cancer) symptoms vary widely based on the specific type of cancer, where it is located and the stage of growth. In addition, because the nasal cavity and sinuses have different types of tissue and cells, different forms of cancer can develop.
Types of Nasal Cancers
The most common form of cancer that occurs in the nasal region is squamous cell carcinoma. Other types of cancer that can occur in this region include:
- Malignant melanoma
- Undifferentiated carcinoma
In some cases, sinus and nasal cancers may metastasize, or spread, to the lymph nodes of the neck or other nearby regions before symptoms occur.
The viral infection HPV is one cause of sinus cancer (sino nasal cancer), and HPV is known to cause benign sinus tumors. Known as inverted papillomas, the HPV-related tumors can sometimes develop into squamous cell carcinoma.
Treatment for Sino Nasal Cancer
Unfortunately, initial symptoms of cancer are often misdiagnosed. Thus, nasal and sinus cancer (sino nasal cancer) is not typically detected in the early stages. Once detected, treatment typically involves a combination of radiation therapy, surgery, and chemotherapy.
The most important factors in developing a treatment plan are the type of cancer, its location and the stage of growth. Medical professionals also consider your general health and personal treatment preferences.
Treatment options for cancer of the paranasal sinuses or nasal cavity include:
- Targeted therapy
- Radiation therapy
- Palliative treatment
Nasal infections and sinus cancer (sino nasal cancer) share common symptoms, especially in the early stages of cancer cell development. For this reason, we recommend that you consult with one of our ENT specialists to undergo a thorough examination and have your condition properly diagnosed. If you are experiencing symptoms associated with nasal infections or sinus cancer (sino nasal cancer), contact our Tampa or Spring Hill office to schedule a consultation.