Parathyroidectomy in Tampa and Spring Hill, FL
Hypercalcemia describes a condition in which your body has too much calcium, placing you at risk for kidney stones, bone weakening, and other conditions. Although hypercalcemia has many causes, your parathyroid gland may be to blame. The board-certified Otolaryngologist/Head and Neck Surgeons at Suncoast ENT Surgical Specialists recognize the signs of hypercalcemia and may recommend a parathyroidectomy to those living in Tampa, Spring Hill and nearby towns in Florida.
What Is A Parathyroidectomy?
A parathyroidectomy is a surgical procedure in which one or all four of your parathyroid glands are removed.
What Are The Parathyroid Glands?
Parathyroid glands are located in your neck and balance the amount of calcium in your blood by producing parathyroid hormone. A majority of people have four of these glands, but one or more of them can become overactive, resulting in too much calcium in your blood.
What Are The Benefits Of A Parathyroidectomy?
After a parathyroidectomy, the symptoms related to the overactivity of your parathyroid glands should improve. The surgery can also help reduce the risk of your heart, bones or kidneys becoming damaged.
What Are The Indications For A Parathyroidectomy?
A parathyroidectomy is recommended when one or all of your parathyroid glands are over-producing parathyroid hormone, a condition that is called hyperparathyroidism. The condition is also an indication for parathyroid cancer.
How Does The Surgeon Know Which Parathyroid Glands Are Overactive?
During the parathyroidectomy, the surgeon assesses the parathyroid glands to determine which ones are enlarged, which is referred to as hypertrophied. The glands that are enlarged are the ones that are overactive.
Additionally, special parathyroid tests called SPECT scanning help the surgeon identify the overactive glands. Small biopsies might also be performed during surgery to confirm an overactive gland. A fourth method of determining overactive glands is the injection of a special medicine that dyes them a certain color.
In most cases, patients have a single adenoma, which is one overactive gland. When all four glands are overactive, however, the surgeon usually removes all but half of one so that the patient can preserve some parathyroid tissue that functions. If this is not performed, the patient could develop hypoparathyroidism, which is a lack of sufficient parathyroid hormone levels.
What Is Involved With A Parathyroidectomy?
General anesthesia is administered at the beginning of this procedure so that you fall asleep. As the surgeon locates your parathyroid glands behind the thyroid gland, an incision is made across the lower part of your neck, much like a thyroidectomy.
Next, layers of your muscle and skin are lifted up so that the thyroid gland and all four parathyroid glands can be identified. The glands are examined to determine which ones are hypertrophied, and then they are removed. Some of the tissue is left behind if all four of your parathyroid glands are enlarged.
Finally, the layers of muscle and skin are replaced so that the surgeon can close the incision in your lower neck. You are likely to remain in the hospital for less than a week following this procedure.
Hypercalcemia, a condition noted by excess calcium levels in your blood, may lead to serious medical conditions. The parathyroid is responsible for monitoring calcium levels, but when the gland fails, you may need a parathyroidectomy. Contact our office in Tampa or Spring Hill today to schedule a consultation with one of our board-certified Otolaryngologist/Head and Neck Surgeons to find out if a parathyroidectomy is right for you.